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Title: A need for implementation science to optimise the use of evidence-based interventions in HIV care: a systematic literature review
Authors: Cox, Joseph
Gutner, Cassidy
Kronfli, Nadine
Lawson, Anna
Robbins, Michel
Nientker, Lisette
Ostawal, Amrita
Barber, Tristan
Croce, Davide
Hardy, David
Jessen, Heiko
Katlama, Christine
Mallolas, Josep
Rizzardini, Giuliano
Alcorn, Keith
Wohlfeiler, Michael
Le Fevre, Eric
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Bibliographic citation: Cox Joseph, et al. (2019), A need for implementation science to optimise the use of evidence-based interventions in HIV care: a systematic literature review. In: PLoS ONE, vol. 14, n. 8, 2019, p. 1-27. ISSN 1932-6203. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0220060.
Abstract: To improve health outcomes in people living with HIV, adoption of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) using effective and transferable implementation strategies to optimise the delivery of healthcare is needed. ViiV Healthcare’s Positive Pathways initiative was established to support the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals. A compendium of EBIs was developed to address gaps within the HIV care continuum, yet it was unknown whether efforts existed to adapt and implement these EBIs across diverse clinical contexts. Therefore, this review sought to report on the use of implementation science in adapting HIV continuum of care EBIs. A systematic literature review was undertaken to summarise the evaluation of implementation and effectiveness outcomes, and report on the use of implementation science in HIV care. Ten databases were reviewed to identify studies (time-period: 2013–2018; geographic scope: United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Canada, Australia and Europe; English only publications). Studies were included if they reported on people living with HIV or those at risk of acquiring HIV and used interventions consistent with the EBIs. A broad range of study designs and methods were searched, including hybrid designs. Overall, 118 publications covering 225 interventions consistent with the EBIs were identified. These interventions were evaluated on implementation (N = 183), effectiveness (N = 81), or both outcomes (N = 39). High variability in the methodological approaches was observed. Implementation outcomes were frequently evaluated but use of theoretical frameworks was limited (N = 13). Evaluations undertaken to assess effectiveness were inconsistent, resulting in a range of measures. This review revealed extensive reporting on implementation science as defined using evaluation outcomes. However, high variability was observed in how implementation outcomes and effectiveness were defined, quantified, and reported. A more specific and consistent approach to conducting and reporting on implementation science in HIV could facilitate achievement of UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets.
Journal/Book: PLoS ONE
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Contributo in rivista

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